The diverse landscape and rich history of Greece make it a popular travel destination for tourists from all over the world. The country is also home to various ancient ruins and breathtaking natural wonders. Landmarks in Greece offer travelers the opportunity to explore history and culture while also appreciating some of nature’s most beautiful creations.
If you’re looking for some inspiration for your next vacation, these greek landmarks can trigger your wanderlust to some of the best sights the world has to offer.
Most Famous Greek Landmark in Greece
This might not be an obvious choice as Greece is also really well known for their islands like Santorini as well. However, the Acropolis has a long history and distinctive features to be recognised globally.
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city. It was built during the fifth century BC and contains many famous structures including the Parthenon, Erechtheum, Propylaea Temple and Theatre Of Dionysus Eleuthereus.
The most well known structure in this UNESCO World Heritage Site is undoubtedly its iconic marble columns which are situated at both ends of main entranceway leading into building complex itself. They were designed by renowned architect Ictinus under direction Pericles who ruled Greece from 460-429BCE (and later again 404-362).
Visiting this famous landmark in Greece is one of the main things to do in Athens.
Athens, Greece Landmarks
As the capital city, Athens is home to many famous landmarks in Greece.
The Parthenon is a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. It is arguably the most prominent ancient greek landmark in the Acropolis.
It was built between 427 and 432 BC on top of an older structure called Hekatompedos. The original structure had been constructed during sixth century BCA (pre-Persian wars) but destroyed during an invasion by Xerxes I King Persia (485 BCE).
This new incarnation became one most famous landmarks in Greece because it represents classical Greek architecture at its best. Its construction can be attributed largely to architect Ictinus under the direction of Pericles who ruled Greece from 460-429BCE.
The original Parthenos statue inside this building has since disappeared; however, replicas are still visible today as well many other sculptures including those depicting greek gods and goddesses.
Ancient Agora of Athens
The Ancient Agora of Athens was the center of public life in the city for over a thousand years. It served as a marketplace, assembly ground, and political center for the people of Athens.
The agora was first established in the 6th century BC, and it grew to become one of the most important public spaces in Greece.
The agora was a place where people could buy and sell goods, discuss politics, and attend assemblies.
It was also home to several important temples and monuments, including the Temple of Hephaestus and the Temple of Zeus. The agora continued to be used as a public space until the 9th century AD, when it was abandoned after the city was sacked by the Arabs.
Mount Lycabettus in Athens is one of the city’s most iconic landmarks. It’s a small mountain that rises above the city and offers stunning views of the skyline. The name of the mountain is derived from the word lykos, which means wolf.
The history of Mount Lycabettus in Athens is a long and storied one. The mountain has been used as a place of worship for centuries, and there are several ancient temples on its slopes. In addition, it was used as a fortress by the Athenians during times of war.
Today, Mount Lycabettus is a popular tourist destination with a cafe and restaurant. It’s also a great place to go for a walk or to take photographs of the cityscape.
The Panathenaic Stadium in Athens is one of the most famous stadiums in the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was built between 466 and 330 BC and is the only stadium in the world that has been used in the modern Olympic Games.
The Panathenaic Stadium was originally built as a hippodrome, or horse racing track. It was later converted into a stadium, and the first modern Olympic Games were held there in 1896.
The stadium was extensively renovated in time for the 2004 Olympic Games, and it now features a state-of-the-art running track and seating for 74,000 spectators.
Temple of Poseidon
The Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion is located approximately sixty kilometers from Athens and is one most popular destinations for tourists visiting Greece.
It was constructed in 440 BC as thanks to god Poseidon for saving the city of Athens from the siege by Persian forces – the temple overlooks the Attica coastline and visitors can enjoy magnificent views out over Saronic Gulf (and even see neighboring islands on clear days).
This UNESCO World Heritage Site features Doric columns which are six meters high with intricate detailing carved into stone. This is popular place to catch the Sunset over the Aegan sea.
Crete, Greece Landmarks
One of the most popular tourist destinations in Greece is the island of Crete. Here, you’ll find a wealth of ancient landmarks dating back to the Minoan civilization.
Knossos Palace, Crete
The Knossos Palace in Crete is one of the most popular ancient landmarks in Greece. This palace was once the home of the Minoan civilization and is now a popular tourist destination for those who want to learn more about this fascinating culture.
The palace is believed to have been built sometime in the 1800s BC, making it one of the oldest structures in Europe. Over the years, it has been damaged and rebuilt several times, but much of its original structure still remains.
If you’re interested in learning more about ancient Greece, be sure to visit this ancient greek landmark.
Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete
The Heraklion Archaeological Museum is home to a large collection of artifacts from the Minoan civilization, which was located on the island of Crete.
The museum was first established in 1899, and has since grown to become one of the largest archaeological museums in Europe.
The museum is divided into several sections, each of which showcases a different aspect of Minoan culture. Some of the highlights include the Treasury of Minos, which contains a number of impressive jewelry pieces, and the Royal Villa, which displays some of the most important artifacts from the Minoan period.
If you’re interested in learning more about the ancient Minoans, the Heraklion Archaeological Museum is the place to go.
Samaria Gorge, Crete
The Samaria Gorge is a breathtaking ravine that cuts through the mountains of Crete. It’s one of the most popular tourist destinations on the island, and for good reason – the views are simply stunning!
The gorge is 16 kilometers long, and at its widest point is just over 100 meters wide. The walls of the gorge are over 1,000 meters high, making it a truly impressive sight.
The Samaria Gorge is home to a variety of wildlife, including wolves, bears, and deer. It’s also home to a number of ancient monasteries, which are well worth a visit. If you’re looking for an unforgettable experience in Crete, be sure to check out the Samaria Gorge.
Rhodes, Greece Landmarks
Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights, Rhodes
The Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights in Rhodes is a stunning medieval palace located in the city of Rhodes, Greece. This palace was once the home of the Grand Master of the Knights, a prestigious position that was held by the most senior member of the Knights Hospitaller.
The palace was first built in the 1300s, and it has been rebuilt and remodeled several times over the years. It is now one of the most popular tourist destinations in Rhodes, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights is a must-see for anyone visiting Rhodes!
Acropolis of Lindos, Rhodes
The Acropolis of Lindos is a beautiful ancient acropolis located in the town of Lindos, Rhodes. This acropolis was built in the 3rd century BC, and it is one of the most well-preserved ancient acropolises in the world.
The Acropolis of Lindos was originally used as a venue for plays and concerts. It could seat up to 4,000 people, making it one of the largest theatres of its time. The theatre is also famous for its acoustics, which are still considered to be some of the best in the world.
If you’re interested in history and archaeology, this is an impressive landmark of Greece to visit.
Delphi, Greece Landmarks
Delphi is an ancient city located in central Greece. It was once home to an oracle who prophesied the future and gave advice on important matters like war campaigns, political decisions, or marriage arrangements.
The city was also a major religious center and is home to some of the most important ancient greek landmarks.
Delphi Archaeological Site
The Delphi Archaeological Site is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Greece, and for good reason! This ancient archaeological site is home to some of the most important ruins from the ancient world.
The site was first inhabited in the late Neolithic period, and it soon became a major center of culture and politics. In fact, it was considered to be the center of the world by many ancient cultures!
One of the most famous landmarks in Greece at the Delphi Archaeological Site is the Temple of Apollo.
Temple of Apollo, Delphi
Dedicated to the god Apollo, this temple served as a major religious and political center for the ancient world. It was the place where people would come to seek advice from the oracle.
The temple was built in the 6th century BC and due to natural disasters like fire and earth was destroyed and rebuilt several times over the years. by fire in the 4th century AD. It was rebuilt soon after but was later abandoned and fell into disrepair.
Today, the Temple of Apollo is a popular tourist destination and is a reminder of the rich history of Greece. Many travelers also visit Delphi as a day trip from Athens.
Other Famous Landmarks in Greece
Epidaurus Ancient Theatre, Epidaurus
The Epidaurus Ancient Theatre is a beautiful ancient theatre located in the town of Epidaurus, Greece. This theatre was built in the 4th century BC, and it is one of the most well-preserved ancient theatres in the world.
The Epidaurus Ancient Theatre was originally used as a venue for plays and concerts. It could seat up to 14,000 people, making it one of the largest theatres of its time. The theatre is also famous for its acoustics, which are still considered to be some of the best in the world.
If you’re interested in history and archaeology, be sure to visit the Epidaurus Ancient Theatre! This is a must-see attraction for anyone visiting Greece.
Mykonos Windmills, Mykonos
The Mykonos Windmills are a beautiful set of windmills located in the town of Mykonos, Greece. These windmills were built in the 1700s, and they are one of the most popular tourist attractions on Mykonos.
These beautiful windmills are not just a beautiful landmark of Greece but also a reminder of the island’s rich history and culture.
Monument of Alexander The Great, Thessaloniki
The Monument of Alexander the Great is a statue located in the city of Thessaloniki, Greece. The statue was erected in 1954 to commemorate the visit of Alexander the Great to Thessaloniki.
Alexander the Great was a Macedonian king who conquered a vast empire during his lifetime, including parts of Greece. Thessaloniki was one of the cities he visited during his campaigns and this statue was erected to commemorate that visit.
The statue is in quite a prominent location, so you are almost certain to see it when you visit Thessaloniki.
Mystras is a beautiful medieval town located in the region of Laconia, Greece. This town was once the capital of the Byzantine Empire, and it is famous for its stunning architecture and historical monuments.
Mystras was founded in 1249 by William II of Villehardouin, the Prince of Achaia. The town soon became an important center of culture and learning, and it was home to several universities and churches.
Mystras reached its peak in the 14th century, when it was ruled by the Despotate of Mystras. This period is considered to be the golden age of Mystras, and the town is famous for its beautiful churches and palaces.
Sadly, Mystras was abandoned in 1832 after the Greek War of Independence. Today, the town is a popular landmark of Greece and a UNESCO World Heritage
Bourtzi Castle, Nafplio
Bourtzi Castle is a fortress built in the late 14th century by the Venetians. It served as a defense for the city against possible attacks by the Ottomans.
The Castle played an important role in the history of Nafplio and was captured by the Ottomans in 1532. The castle remained under Ottoman rule until 1821, when it was captured by Andreas Miaoulis during the Greek War of Independence.
Ancient Corinth Canal, Corinth
The Ancient Corinth Canal is an artificial waterway that cuts through Peloponnesian peninsula allowing ships to travel directly between Aegean and Ionian seas.
It was constructed in 1893-1896 by French company Compagnie Universelle du Canal Interocéanique at great expense (and with many fatalities). The Canal ultimately failed to achieve its goal of boosting maritime trade due to insufficient depth of water.
However, this manmade marvel is still open to visitors today. It makes for a fascinating stop on your travels through Greece.
Monasteries of Meteora
Meteora is famous for its breathtaking natural scenery. However, it is home to several historical greek landmarks – a group of six monasteries built precariously atop high sandstone cliffs.
The Monasteries of Meteora were first erected between the 14th and 16th centuries AD but have since been abandoned. They are now a popular tourist destination and can be accessed by either hiking or via cable car.
One of the best things to do in Meteora is a hike to the top of the cliffs and explore the monasteries. You can also take a ride on the Meteora cable car for a bird’s-eye view of this stunning landscape.
The monasteries are well worth a visit for their historical significance. You can enjoy amazing view from their perches atop Meteora cliffs. This is a popular day trip from Athens or even Thessaloniki.
Caldera of Santorini
No list of famous landmarks in Greece would be complete without mentioning Santorini. This is one most beautiful islands in world renowned for its dramatic volcanic landscape and stunning sunsets.
The Caldera of Santorini is a geological formation located on the island of Santorini. This caldera was formed after a massive volcanic eruption that occurred in 16th century BC. The eruption destroyed the ancient Minoan settlement on Santorini and created the distinctive caldera landscape that can be seen today.
Visitors to Santorini will find plenty to keep them busy, with highlights including exploring ancient ruins, swimming in warm Aegean waters and enjoying local cuisine. Whatever you choose to do during your time on this enchanting island, make sure to take some time to relax and enjoy the incredible views!
Natural Landmarks in Greece
The Vikos Gorge is a breathtaking natural wonder located in the Pindus Mountains of Greece. This ravine is believed to be the deepest and most impressive gorge in the world.
The gorge was first formed over 10 million years ago, and it has been carved out by the Vikos River over time. The river runs through the heart of the gorge. There are many scenic waterfalls and rapids to be found along the way. The walls of the gorge are also home to a variety of wildlife, including bears, wolves, and deer.
If you’re looking for an adventure, be sure to check out the Vikos Gorge!
Mount Olympus is a mountain in Greece that is home to the gods of Greek mythology. According to legend, this is the place where Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades all ruled over Mount Olympus as gods.
The mountain is also said to be the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. Today, Mount Olympus is a popular tourist destination for those who want to experience its natural beauty.
The mountain is surrounded by lush forests and picturesque scenery, making it a favorite spot for hikers and nature lovers. If you’re interested in Greek mythology, this is one mythical greek landmark to visit.
Blue Caves, Zakynthos
The Blue Caves are a series of breathtaking sea caves located on the coast of the island of Zakynthos. These caves are known for their stunning blue color, which is caused by the light reflecting off the limestone walls.
The caves were first discovered in the 1800s by a group of local sailors. They soon became a popular tourist destination, and continue to be one of the most popular attractions on Zakynthos today.
The history of the Blue Caves is a bit mysterious; there are several different theories about how they were formed. Some believe that they were created over time by the action of the waves and the wind. Others believe that they were formed by a large earthquake that took place thousands of years ago.
Whatever their origin, the Blue Caves are a spectacular natural landmark in Greece. There are boat tours that bring you to the Caves and the Shipwreck beach.
Shipwreck Beach, Zakynthos (Navagio Beach)
Shipwreck Beach in Zakynthos is a pristine beach located on the coast of the island of Zakynthos. The name comes from the shipwrecks scattered along its coast.
Shipwreck Beach is one of the most popular beaches on Zakynthos, and it’s easy to see why! Dramatic cliffs and crystal-clear waters surround the beach. It’s the perfect place to relax and soak up the sun.
If you’re looking for a bit of adventure, be sure to check out Shipwreck Beach! This beach is home to some of the most beautiful sunsets in the world. This picturesque place has also appeared in popular movies and dramas like Descendants of the Sun.
Discovering Landmarks in Greece
From sites of ancient civilization to naturally crafted wonders, landmarks in Greece have historical, cultural, and natural significance. These are just some of the many prominent sites that you can visit when traveling to Greece.
Many of these sites are popular tourist destinations as well and can be easy to get to. That said, the country has much left to be discovered. You will certainly come by more amazing greek landmarks on your trip!