15 Incredible Things Madagascar Is Known And Famous For

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A stunning island country located southeast of Africa, Madagascar is known for its unique biodiversity, as it is home to a wide variety of plant and animal species found nowhere else in the world. In addition, there are many interesting things and facts about Madagascar that make it an intriguing destination.

What Is Madagascar Known For?

Madagascar is famous for its array of picturesque beaches, stunning natural beauty as well as its history and culture. The Malagasy culture and traditions, with influences from Africa, Asia, and Europe, contribute to the island’s fascinating cultural heritage. 

Madagascar is also known for its impressive flora and fauna which contains some of the rarest species in the world like lemurs, fossa, baobab trees, and so on. The island’s rainforests are rich in endemic wildlife and plants.

History, Culture, And Traditions Madagascar Is Known For


Madagascar is famous for its fady culture which helps guide and govern various aspects of daily life and interactions.

Fady refers to the sacred taboos and customs that differ across regions. It is believed that observing fady is a way to appease and honor the ancestors, ensuring their protection and blessings. On the other hand, breaking fady is thought to anger the ancestors and invite misfortune or illness.

There are different fady in Madagascar; such as cutting down trees in certain areas or hunting animals like lemur and fossas that are considered sacred. Others like eating certain meals, or a combination of meals, and ignoring certain rules during occasions like weddings, burials, and so on can all fall under this category.

When traveling to Madagascar, strive to research the fady in that particular area in order to avoid offending the locals. After all, when in Rome, behave as Romans do.

Unique Flora And Fauna


Sometimes called the eighth continent of the world, Madagascar is known for housing some of the most unique biodiversity in the world.

As the fourth largest island in the world, several of Madagascar’s landmass is yet to be explored and this has facilitated the evolution of an incredibly diverse array of plant and animal species found nowhere else on the planet.

Unique vegetation like the baobab tree, different species of orchids, and spiny plants like Alluaudia adorn its rich rainforest. 

Madagascar’s fauna also boasts a wide array of unique species found only in the country. Species like the lemur, the fossa, and an extraordinary range of beautifully colored frogs are all cherished wildlife.

Madagascar is also famous for having over 260 bird species such as the strikingly colorful Madagascar kingfisher and the peculiar-looking elephant bird, now extinct, which was the largest bird to ever roam the earth.

The nation continues to be a global biodiversity hotspot. It remains a top priority for conservationists and nature lovers seeking to safeguard and explore its unique and irreplaceable natural wonders.

Malagasy Language

The Malagasy language, one of the national and official languages of the country, is a fascinating and culturally significant aspect of Madagascar.

Due to its influences from various cultures, the language serves as a unifying force in the country, bridging the diverse ethnic groups.

There are several major dialect groups of Malagasy, with the two most widely spoken ones being Merina (spoken in and around the capital city, Antananarivo) and the coastal dialects, which are spoken in areas like Sakalava, Betsimisaraka, and Antaisaka, among others.

The dialects, although majorly the same, differ in some aspects. Tourists may want to know the difference between the two so as not to get confused.


Famadihana is a funerary cultural practice Madagascar is known for.

The tradition, also called “the turning of the bones,” is a unique and culturally significant ritual. It involves the exhumation of the remains of deceased family members from their tombs. 

The bones are carefully wrapped in new shrouds and then brought to the forefront of the tomb or burial site where family members and villagers gather to participate in the celebration.

The ceremony which takes place every few years is usually a joyous one. Participants dance, sing, and play music as they celebrate the memory of their ancestors.

The Malagasy people use this medium as a way of showing respect to their ancestors. They hold strong beliefs in the influence of their ancestors’ spirits and believe that by bringing the bones back into the world of the living, they can seek blessings, guidance, and protection from their forefathers.

Unique Handicrafts

Madagascar is famous for its unique handicrafts, which hold great cultural and historical value, often incorporating traditional motifs and materials.

There are several parts of Madagascar’s handicrafts. 

Woodcarving is one of the handicrafts traditions Madagascar is famous for. Skilled artisans create intricate sculptures, and figurines from various types of wood, such as rosewood, ebony, and palissandre.

Then there is textile weaving where different weaving styles are used to design vibrant and colorful patterns such as the popular Lamba,” a traditional fabric used for clothing, scarves, and decorative purposes.

Basketry, hatworks, and pottery are other forms of handicrafts Madagascar is known for. When visiting the country, be sure to support the locals by getting one or more of the handicrafts as souvenirs for you and your loved ones.

Colonial Influences 

Madagascar’s strategic location in the Indian Ocean made it a sought-after territory for various European powers, leading to a complex and multifaceted colonial history.

The island has had colonial experiences with the Portuguese, French, and British, all of which contributed to the culture and traditions of Madagascar as we know it to be now.

For example, the French introduced cash crop agriculture, including coffee, vanilla, and sugarcane. Their influence continues to shine through the country’s education system, legal framework, and urban architecture.

Overall, the colonial influences in Madagascar’s history have left an interesting legacy. They have helped to shape the various aspects of the nation’s development and identity.

Cities And Areas Madagascar Is Known For 



Located in the central highlands of the island, Antananarivo, often referred to as “Tana,” is the capital and largest city of Madagascar. 

Being the political, economic, and cultural heart of the country, Antananarivo is one of the major cities Madagascar is known for.

With its rich history, vibrant markets, and scenic landscape, you will find a blend of traditional Malagasy charm and modern urban life. That said, various aspects of the city make it a must-visit destination in Madagascar.

From the plethora of landmarks and attractions available just waiting to be explored, to the bustling markets where you can find a wide array of goods, including woven baskets, woodcarvings, colorful fabrics, and fresh fruits, a visit to Antananarivo promises to be a fulfilling experience you won’t forget in a hurry.

> Hop On A Walking Tour Of Antananarivo

Nosy Be

Often referred to as “the Perfume Island,” Nosy Be is a tropical paradise. Consequently, it is also one of Madagascar’s most famous and beloved tourist destinations.

The island is known for its stunning beaches, crystal-clear waters, and diverse marine life. For beach and water lovers, Nosy Be is a must-visit as it offers a multitude of beautiful sandy beaches such as Madirokely Beach, Andilana Beach, and Ambatoloaka Beach amongst others.

Nosy Be is not only famous for its beaches but also for its rich biodiversity. The island is home to lush rainforests, rare plant species, and a variety of lemurs, chameleons, and other wildlife. 

Guided tours in the Lokobe Nature Reserve and the Nosy Tanikely Marine Reserve offer visitors an opportunity to observe and appreciate Madagascar’s unique flora and fauna.

After an eventful day engaging in water activities, visitors can immerse themselves in the local culture by exploring traditional villages, interacting with friendly locals, and attending cultural events and festivals.



Another town Madagascar is famous for is Morondava. Located in the western region, Morondava is known for its stunning natural attractions and unique cultural experiences. 

The town serves as a popular gateway for tourists visiting some of the island’s most iconic and picturesque sites like the Avenue of the Baobab, and the Kirindy Forest which is a renowned hotspot for wildlife sightings, to mention a few.

For visitors seeking a tranquil and less crowded getaway, Morondava’s coastal location is an advantage. It boasts beautiful beaches and offers opportunities for beachcombing, swimming, and relaxation.

Additionally, people rave about the stunning sunsets over the Mozambique Channel, providing the perfect end to a day of exploration.



Ifaty is a coastal village located in southwestern Madagascar. Its beautiful beaches, vibrant marine life, and relaxing atmosphere make it one of the tourist destinations Madagascar is known for.

Ifaty’s sandy beaches stretch along the coastline, providing visitors with a serene and picturesque setting to unwind and soak up the sun. The coral reefs near Ifaty are also a fantastic spot for snorkeling and diving enthusiasts.

Other activities you can partake in Ifaty include whale watching, swimming, snorkeling, and playing water games.

Overall, Ifaty offers a tranquil and immersive coastal experience, where visitors can relax on beautiful beaches, explore vibrant coral reefs, and engage with the local culture.

Landmarks And Architecture Madagascar Is Known For 

Avenue Of The Baobabs


The Avenue of the Baobabs is one of Madagascar’s most iconic and enchanting natural landmarks.

It is a striking stretch of dirt road flanked by majestic and ancient baobab trees. These magnificent trees can reach heights of up to 30 meters and some are rumored to be around 800 years old.

The landscape created by these towering baobabs is simply breathtaking, making the sunrise and sunset experience of this awe-inspiring location a magical and ethereal one.

The Avenue of the Baobabs has become a major tourist attraction, drawing visitors from around the world who come to witness the beauty of these ancient trees.

Overall, the Avenue of the Baobabs is not just a remarkable natural landmark; it is a symbol of Madagascar’s unique and fragile biodiversity.

Lokobe Nature Reserve

Another landmark Madagascar is famous for is the Lokobe Nature Reserve, a pristine and biodiversity-protected area located on the island of Nosy Be.

The reserve is one of the last remaining patches of lowland rainforest on the island and is home to a wide variety of unique flora and fauna.

The rainforest is a haven for lemurs, and visitors have the opportunity to encounter several lemur species, including the black lemur, crowned lemur, and Sanford’s brown lemur. The reserve is also home to various reptiles, birds, and insects, some of which are found only in this specific region.

Exploring Lokobe Nature Reserve is a memorable and immersive experience.

You can take a guided tour led by knowledgeable local guides who are experts in the area’s wildlife and ecology. They allow visitors to observe lemurs and other wildlife in their natural habitat while providing knowledge about the rainforest’s ecosystem.

Diego Suarez Bay

Diego Suarez Bay, also known as Antsiranana Bay, is a stunning natural harbor located in the northern part of Madagascar. It is one of the largest natural bays in the world and is characterized by its vast expanse of calm, blue waters surrounded by picturesque landscapes.

One of the notable features of Diego Suarez Bay is the “Sugar Loaf” rock formation, known locally as “Le Pain de Sucre.” This striking granite height rises from the water, resembles a loaf of sugar, and has become an iconic landmark in the area.

Within Diego Suarez Bay, there are several small islands that offer opportunities for exploration, snorkeling, and birdwatching.

The calm and sheltered waters of Diego Suarez Bay make it an excellent location for various water sports and activities. Sailing, boating, and fishing are popular pastimes for both locals and tourists.

Food Madagascar Is Known For



Madagascar is known for producing some of the world’s finest and most sought-after varieties of vanilla. It is no wonder why the country is the world’s leading producer of vanilla, accounting for a significant portion of the global supply.

Some of the more popular varieties of vanilla that have become synonymous with Madagascar include the bourbon vanilla, often called premium vanilla which is characterized by undertones of caramel and chocolate.

Vanilla lovers will be able to have their fill of the various combinations of vanilla available on the island and possibly buy at a cheaper rate.



Romazava is often considered a national Madagascar dish. It is a hearty meal that is prepared with meat and leafy vegetables, flavored with aromatic spices.

The meat is allowed to simmer in a blend of spices in the stew and then vegetables are added to create this delicious, traditional Madagascar food.

Romazava is usually served with white rice and is eaten on various occasions from everyday family meals to festive gatherings and celebrations.


Discovering Other Things Madagascar Is Known For 

These are just some of the famous things in Madagascar. The African nation is replete with various attractions that will leave tourists with a remarkable experience. From soaking in the country’s scenic landscapes to exploring its unique biodiversity, a visit to Madagascar can be a truly memorable one. 




Book Your Flight

I usually use a combination of 2-3 of the following search engines to find cheap flights: Skyscanner, Momondo, Google Flights

Find Your Accommodation

Booking.com is my usual platform for finding accommodation options as they have one of the largest selections. Hostelworld is great for booking hostels. For more private or long term accommodation, Airbnb is my go-to platform.

Travel Insurance

Travel insurance is important for to protect yourself against unforeseen circumstances. I usually look at a few insurance companies depending on my travel needs.
  • SafetyWings for Travel Health Insurance
  • IMG Global for added Insurance when doing activities outside of usual coverage
Packing for your trip? Check out the packing list for ideas on what to bring

For more travel resources, check out my resources page for best platforms and companies to use when you travel.

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Welcome To NomadsUnveiled
This is Rax. For over a decade, I have traveled to over 60 countries - from a budget backpacker to a business traveler, expat and then a digital nomad. You can find insights and perspectives from myself and other world travelers that will inspire your journey of discovery.


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