Landmarks in Switzerland are famous worldwide. This is largely due to their unique landscaping, housing several mountains. The most eminent is probably the Jungfraujoch, which is often referred to as ‘The Top of Europe’.
In addition to these natural landmarks of Switzerland, there are museums of nature and history featuring works from the most famous figures known globally. As a result, the attractions you visit will not only educate you but leave you in awe.
Most Famous Landmark In Switzerland
Jungfraujoch (Top of Europe)
The Jungfraujoch is a renowned railway that connects two mountains: the Jungfrau and the Mönch. It stands at an altitude of 3,454 meters, making it one of the most famous Swiss landmarks.
Not only is this profound in itself, but there is also a lookout point to view the mountain range and immerse yourself in your surroundings. This is called the Sphinx Observatory, named after the summit it is found on. Riding on the railway and standing in the observatory may not be for you, but there are other activities to partake in.
For example, you could ski, sled, or hike up the mountain. There is an activity for everyone regardless if you are looking for a relaxing or adrenaline pumping experience!
Zurich, Switzerland Landmarks
The Old Town in Zurich is one of the most popular Swiss landmarks because there are a variety of attractions for everyone to enjoy.
If you are interested in religious landmarks of Switzerland, St Peter Church or Fraumunster Church is a great day out. Their traditional design and monumental size alone make them fun to visit.
On the other hand, if you prefer museums and galleries, the Giacometti Murals are a collection of intriguing art pieces. Lastly, there are several streets within the Old Town consisting of independent boutiques and bougie cafes.
Kunsthaus Museum of Fine Arts
The Kunsthaus is an art museum. There are over 1,000 pieces on permanent displays, as well as thousands of paintings and sculptures as part of the temporary exhibits. Like many landmarks in Switzerland, the museum is known worldwide.
This is because of the famous art pieces it houses. Artists include Andy Warhol, Vincent van Gogh, and Claude Monet. Works range from the 1600s to the modern day. You can browse the museum freely, or book a guided tour.
St Peter’s Church
St Peter’s Church is one of the oldest Switzerland landmarks, as it is the oldest church in the country. It was unknown when the building was completed, but scholars imagine it was in the early 1000s. The architecture, known as ‘baroque’, is beautiful and grandiose.
The colors are deep and rich, the staircases are ornate, and there is a monumental tower. Featured on this tower is a famous clock which is one of the largest on the continent.
Grossmunster Church and Monument
The Grossmunster is a beautiful protestant Church in Zurich. It is prominent for its two large towers which were built, later on, the Zwingli and Karlsturm. The latter is famous for holding the Grossmunster statue on top of the tower, which is great for taking pictures.
Historically, locals claim the Church was built over the graves of Felix and Regula, siblings who migrated to the country and were executed for their Christianity. Additionally, the Church overlooks the city and the Limnat river, one of the iconic natural landmarks in Switzerland.
Geneva, Switzerland Landmarks
St Pierre Cathedral
St Pierre Cathedral is a protestant Church built in the mid-1100s. It is eminently known because it was formerly a catholic church, however, converted during the Reformation where significant changes were made to the normal order of the country.
If you are interested in this period of history, the Reformation Museum is located a short walk away. Its architecture is a culmination of both gothic and roman, which is demonstrated by the striking columns and arches.
Water Fountain (Jet d’Eau)
As the name suggests, the Jet d’Eau is essentially a monumental water fountain in Geneva. It is one of the most famous landmarks in Switzerland as it can be enjoyed by people of all ages. Children adore the jets of water which can shoot hundreds of meters up into the air.
For older children, you can swim in Geneva Lake as it is clean and safe to bathe in. Alternatively, you can take a stroll along the grassy promenade and enjoy the scenic view.
The Palace of Nations (Palais de Nations)
The Palace of Nations is an important building in that it is the home of the United Nations. Built in 1938, it is one of the most culturally significant historical landmarks in Switzerland and is therefore worth visiting.
Frequent meetings are being held here where essential matters are being discussed. As a result, booking a tour with an informed guide can help you to understand the impact the building has on society.
If you have an intrigue towards physics, CERN is the best of all Switzerland landmarks. It is a nuclear research organization that operates with infamous engineers to build an understanding of the elements which make up life.
This includes working with atoms to help expand our knowledge on the subject. The main attraction at CERN is the large hadron collider, the largest of the sort globally. By booking a tour, you can explore the institution and learn about its impactful work.
Bern, Switzerland Landmarks
The Zytglogge Tower is a clock tower in Bern. It was built in 1191 and has since then proved to be incredibly multifaceted, initially as a guard tower. Functions have also included a prison and surveillance deck overlooking the Old Town.
Whilst Zytglogge itself is only for observation, there are plenty of other landmarks in Switzerland nearby. This includes one of the most famous monuments in Switzerland, the Child Eater Fountain. Additionally, many cafes and restaurants are located here where you can sample traditional Swiss cuisine.
Old City (UNESCO)
Bern Old City is also known as a UNESCO heritage site. Essentially, this means it is historically significant, making it one of the most well-preserved landmarks in Switzerland. It was established in 1191 and houses plenty of attractions including the Zygloggle. From here you can also see the Aare River!
Other Switzerland landmarks include various Churches, Parliament buildings, statues, and several small stores on the side. Whilst strolling free along the street is an independent way to explore, you could also take part in a guided tour.
The Einstein Museum has over half a million pieces, making it one of the largest museums in the country and therefore part of the most esteemed landmarks of Switzerland. The pieces are subsequently divided into four collections.
Firstly, the historical, from the Middle Ages to the modern day. Secondly, numismatic, with coins dating as early as the BC age. There is also an archaeological collection featuring a variety of treasures discovered during excavations. Lastly, the ethnographical collection offers culturally significant pieces found globally.
Zentrum Paul Klee (Art Museum)
The Zentrum Paul Klee is an art museum dedicated to Paul Klee. He was an artist who was fascinated by surrealist art and as a result, painted captivating designs. These ranged from watercolor to print. If you are interested in his work, the museum features 4,000 of his pieces on display.
Additionally, there are temporary exhibits by other artists who create similar works, which are equally thought-provoking. You can also arrange for a private tour, learning about the individual pieces and the history behind them.
Other Famous Landmarks In Switzerland
Chillon Castle is founded in Veytaux, on Lake Geneva. Like many Switzerland landmarks, it is incredibly old and reflects this within its infrastructure and beauty. Whilst it is unknown exactly when the castle was established, historians suggest its architecture was completed in the Bronze Age.
For more details, you could book a tour with a guide, which is free with a Swiss Travel Pass. Subsequently, there is a small café where you can discuss the stories told and enjoy the view.
The Gelmerbahn Funicular is a railway ride. Originally, it was built to support workers in carrying heavy materials and aid their difficult labor from one area to another. The railway covers a large area, from Handeg to Gelmersee Lake.
The ride itself is not for the faint-hearted, as it has a 106% gradient. This makes it very steep, but completely safe. Also, it is 1860 meters above sea level. If you are looking for one of the most adventurous landmarks in Switzerland, this is it!
Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke)
Chapel Bridge is a charming structure built atop the River Reuss. It is a wooden bridge spanning 170 meters connecting two parts of Lucerne.
At first, it was built to protect the locals, because many wars took place at the time it was built. This helped them save time and conjure up a way to reciprocate the attacks.
Nowadays, the bridge has a mainly aesthetic purpose, which is reflected by the illustrations on the wood. There are paintings of several events which occurred during the Reformation Era.
Natural Landmarks In Switzerland
Lake Geneva is found on the border of Switzerland and France. If you are looking for a more relaxed day, the natural landmarks of Switzerland such as the lakes are the ideal attraction. One of the interesting facts about Switzerland is that the country has over 700 lakes.
On the famous lake Geneva, several cruise lines last the day, whereby you can explore the surroundings on a boat. On the other hand, children may enjoy the nearby water parks filled with fun activities like a lazy river. Additionally, there are arcades and cafes for lunch.
If you find yourself in central Switzerland, Lake Lucerne is a worthwhile spot to visit. It is one of the largest lakes with stunning views, and therefore a famous Swiss landmark. Here, you will find the wooden Chapel Bridge, in addition to a cog railway and other attractions to see.
In the landscape, you will find Mount Pilatus and Rigi, which can both be seen clearly. If you have the day to spare, you can subsequently visit the Old Town in Lucerne too, where you will find dainty boutiques and cafes.
Many of the most famous landmarks in Switzerland are mountains. If you were to visit any of the ranges, the Matterhorn would be top of the list. It belongs to the Alps, which are known for their alpine lakes and picturesque scenery.
This mountain is unique in that it is shaped like a pyramid, almost like a tooth. This makes for idyllic photos. Here, you can partake in the hiking trails or ski in the winter if you are feeling adventurous. If not, cable cars are a secure option whereby you can explore more comfortably.
The swiss alps are incredibly stunning and one of the things that Switzerland is most famous for.
Rhine Falls Schaffhausen
Rhine Falls is the largest and most powerful waterfall in Europe. Its width alone is 150 meters, and it has been around for at least fifteen decades. The best spots here are undoubtedly the viewing platforms, where you can watch the falls and engulf yourself in the green surroundings.
This is the perfect romantic destination! For children, there is an amusement park a short walk away. Alternatively, adults may prefer the castle here such as Laufen and Woerth.
Discovering Famous Landmarks In Switzerland
As you can see, landmarks in Switzerland are internationally known for their luxurious designs and rich history. Whether you are marveling at the architecture of Churches or standing beside charming lakes, they make for creating a fulfilling trip in Switzerland.
These are just some of the popular ones and there are many famous Swiss landmarks waiting for you to explore.