25 Things Luxembourg Is Known and Famous For

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Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in the world, with an average population of 500,000. With its 1,650 square kilometers of land, Luxembourg shares a border with France, Belgium, and Germany. Despite its smaller size, there are many things that Luxembourg is known for.

The country is known as the melting point of culture because of the influx of its border countries. Many consider it a destination clustered between prominent countries, and wonder if it is worth visiting.

What Is Luxembourg Famous For?

Luxembourg is famous for its cultural diversity, highly tolerant citizens, and beautiful ancient architecture. The country is globally recognized as an economic powerhouse within Europe and has some stunningly quality wine production. Luxembourg is also known for being the world’s second most affluent country and one of the safest nations.

There are still other things about Luxembourg besides its geographical location and size that make this country special.

One of the many fun facts about Luxembourg is the presence of three official national languages: French, German, and Luxembourgish.

History, Culture, and Traditions Luxembourg Is Known For


Luxembourg is known for the Buergbrennen local tradition. People gather to watch the stakes burn down on the first Sunday in Lent. The adorable thing about this event is that Luxembourg’s neighboring countries also participate. 

The burn fires are built by local youth clubs using flammable materials such as branches, logs, straws, and even old Christmas trees. However, there would be no ‘Buergbrennen’ without some traditional Luxembourgish cuisines like Bouneschlupp (green bean soup), Ierzebulli (pea soup), and Glühwäin (mulled wine).

People gather with their loved ones to share food and drinks, talk, and laugh. During this period, you can plan your trip to Luxembourg and enjoy the burnfire, rich tradition, and delicious local cuisines.

Bretzelsonndeg (Pretzel Sunday)

Pretzel Sunday, or ‘Bretzelsonndeg’ as the locals call it, is also a well-known tradition that Luxembourg is famous for. Pretzel Sunday is a love celebration held on the fourth Sunday of Lent.

The tradition is around the Lent celebration. It is simply the presentation of a Pretzel, a sweet dough made with almonds and icing fondant, to somebody you love. Women are only suitable to present Pretzel in every leap year, while men do it yearly.

A man will give his sweetheart a pretzel as a token of his love. If the woman reciprocates her feelings, she will give him an egg on Easter. The man will receive an empty basket if she is not interested.

In leap years, women are to offer a pretzel to their sweetheart, while men must choose between an egg and a basket.

Christmas Markets

As the Christmas festive season approaches, Luxembourg transforms into a winter wonderland that immerses visitors in the season’s spirit. People consider visiting Luxembourg during the Yuletide season.

As the hub for Christmas decorations, craft items, toys, clothing, jewelry, confectionery, food and drink, rides (Ferris wheel, miniature train), concerts, workshops, and children’s shows are available during this period.

Undoubtedly, you will enjoy your visit during this period because the festivities have something for everyone. Ranging from the traditional to the unusual, this is a fantastic time to visit Luxembourg. The atmosphere during the holiday season is another level, and you should not miss it.

The Napoleonic Wars

Luxembourg is known for its impact during and after the Napoleonic wars.

The country was occupied by Napoleon’s forces during the Napoleonic Wars from 1803 to 1815. During this time, Luxembourg was used as a military base. It suffered high taxes and forced conscription into the French army.

The French occupation also brought political and cultural changes to the country, including using French as the dominant language. However, the end of the wars marked the end of the French occupation.

Luxembourg returned to independence and stability subsequently and went on to play a role in the formation of the European Union.

Luxembourg was one of the original signatories of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, which helped restore the continent’s stability and redraw its political map. It is important because it paved the way for its eventual resurgence and growth as a sovereign nation.

World War II

During World War II, Nazi Germany occupied Luxembourg for five years. The occupation was characterized by brutal repression and exploitation, with many Luxembourgish people suffering from food shortages, forced labor, and persecution.

The “Schwarzen Hand” (Black Hand) resistance movement, composed of young Luxembourgish people, fought against the Nazi occupation and supported allied forces.

After the war, Luxembourg played a significant role in the reconstruction effort in Europe. She was one of the founding members of the European Union. The country’s bravery and resistance during World War continue to inspire and guide the nation today.

The events of the war had a lasting impact on Luxembourg. They helped to shape its identity and commitment to peace, stability, and cooperation in Europe.

Cities And Travel Destinations Luxembourg Is Known For


Luxembourg City

Luxembourg City is the capital of Luxembourg, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and one of the country’s most famous cities. This city is also serves as an important financial hub for much of Europe as it has a bit of everything.

Spend time at the old town by visiting the Grand Ducal Palace, Notre Dame Cathedral, Place d’Armes, and Adolphe Bridge. Casemates are popular names for underground defenses. 

Luxembourg City is a thoroughly cultured and modern city that has done an excellent job of blending history and modern progress.

This is a great place to start exploring all that Luxembourg has to offer. You’ll be able to experience the city’s vibrant atmosphere and see why it’s known as a central financial hub.


Vianden is also one of the famous destinations in Luxembourg. It is located near the German border. It is a quaint and hilly city on the River Our has two most striking features. The first of these features is an old-world charm, and the second is Vianden Castle.

The castle Was constructed between the 11th and 14th centuries. This castle stands high above the river, and for hundreds of years, the castle served as a primary residence for Luxembourg royalty. It is one of the unique things that Luxembourg is famous for.

Vianden is one of the most well-known and visited cities in the country. You would love to see the dazzling glory of the castle yourself, make Vianden one of your must-visit places when planning your trip to Luxembourg.


Echternach is a cozy little town in Luxembourg, near the German border and the oldest city in Luxembourg. If you want to go hiking in Mullerthal or cycling along the river, make a reservation here. Its natural beauty makes it one of the best travel destinations in Luxembourg.


Diekirch is a city located in the north, on the Rive Sure. It obtained its name from the country’s most popular beer and is also trendy among tourists for its colorful local flavor. This remarkable city is surrounded by mountains that give a breathtaking view at every turn.

Another important place in Diekirch is the pedestrian zone. It’s a beautiful district to visit for shopping, public concerts, and cafes. You can hit this modern spot before heading to the old quarter to see St. Laurentius Church and other old-world homes.


Larochette is a city in Luxembourg that is situated between two rivers. The slate-roofed homes of the village stand out dramatically beneath the cliff-top ruins of a medieval castle known as Maison de Change.

This lovely city is also well-known for its fine-dining restaurants. You can explore these restaurants; you will undoubtedly fall in love with their cuisine and come for more another time.

Landmarks And Architecture Luxembourg Is Known For


The Old Quarter Of Luxembourg City

The Old Quarter of Luxembourg City is a great place to start exploring the city’s beauty. This well-preserved old city center, also interestingly known as “dead”, was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.

The city’s impressive ancient fortifications also secured its position as one of Europe’s most strategically critical significant cities. In fact, the fortress was so strong that it earned the appellation “Gibraltar of the North.” 

Even though the original fortress was demolished between 1867 and 1883, you will still see its impact everywhere when you visit the old city.

National Museum of History and Art

The National Museum of History and Art sits in the historic Fish Market district. It boasts many artistic objects, tools, coins, archaeological finds, furniture, and documents, all significant markers of the nation’s rich history.

The museum concentrates mainly on the Gallo-Roman era. It showcases numerous religious, social, artistic, and intellectual pieces from that period. 

When you visit the museum, you can see various collections from Luxembourg’s past, including artworks, coins, and other items. It will no doubt help you gain a deeper understanding of the country’s history.

The Bock Casements, Luxembourg City

The Bock Casements is a well-known landmark in Luxembourg with a 21-kilometer underground passage carved out of solid rock. You can now explore the majority of these fortifications on foot. 

However, we recommend you hire a tour guide to walk around the area and learn about its fascinating history. You will gain a much deeper appreciation and knowledge. This is one of many unique and exciting things Luxembourg is famous for. 


Luxembourg is Known For its Food.

Judd mat Gaardebounen

Judd mat Gaardebounen is often considered to be the national dish of Luxembourg. This is a hearty and flavorful meal that is perfect for the colder months. 

The iconic dish features smoked pork neck, potatoes, and broad beans cooked together to create a rich and satisfying meal. It is usually served with a side of sauerkraut. 

This is one savory dish that you should certainly try if you get the chance; it is a delicacy enjoyed by locals and tourists alike.


These are traditional Luxembourgish potato pancakes made from grated potatoes, flour, and spices. Gromperekichelcherise is typically consumed as a snack or a side dish and is a staple in many Luxembourgish households.

They are often served with toppings, including sour cream or a spicy tomato sauce. The simplicity of it doesn’t take away from it taste. This makes it a versatile and delicious food in Luxembourg that you can enjoy anytime.

Ardennes Ham

Ardennes ham is a cured meat produced in the Ardennes region of Luxembourg. It is made from a special breed of pig, seasoned with a blend of herbs and spices.

What’s really special about it is that it is smoked over wood chips, giving it a rich, smoky, unmatched flavor. Ardennes ham prepares your stomach for your preferred meal because It is often served as an appetizer.


Kachkeis is a traditional Luxembourgish cheese made from cow’s milk and cream. The cheese is soft and creamy, with a rich and tangy flavor that is unlike any other cheese. 

Kachkeis is often served as a dessert in Luxembourg or a topping for various dishes, including Gromperekichelcher and Judd mat Gaardebounen. 

You will find that cheese is also commonly used in various baked goods, such as cakes and tarts, making it a versatile and popular ingredient in Luxembourgish cuisine.

If you are not allergic to cheese, we definitely recommend trying Kachkeis when you visit Luxembourg. 

Rive Sure

Rive sure is a traditional pale lager beer enjoyed in Luxembourg for generations. 

The beer is known for its distinctive flavor, credit to its unique brewing process and high-quality ingredients, including malted barley, hops, and water from the region. 

The beer has a crisp and refreshing flavor with a slightly sweet, malty taste balanced by a subtle hop bitterness.

Rive sure is a staple of Luxembourg’s cultural heritage and is widely available in local bars, restaurants, and cafes.

 It is often served in traditional Luxembourgish steins, adding to the beer’s rich cultural significance. Whether you are a beer connoisseur or just looking for a refreshing drink, Rive sure is a beer that will satisfy you.

Famous People From Luxembourg

Andy Raymond Schleck

Andy Raymond Schleck is a famous road cyclist who competes for the UCI ProTour team RadioShack-Leopard. He won the Tour de France in 2010 and finished second on the Tour twice, in 2009 and 2011.

He is Fränk Schleck’s younger brother, who previously rode for RadioShack-Leopard. Between 1965 and 1974, their father, Johny Schleck, competed in the Tour de France and the Vuelta an anspāna.

Mandy Minella

Mandy Minella is a professional tennis player from Luxembourg. She ranked world number 66 to date as her highest singles, a position she achieved on the 17th of September 2012, and also world number 47 in doubles on the 29th of April 2013.

She has won two doubles titles, seven singles, and five doubles titles on the ITF circuit.

Robert Schuman

Robert Schuman was a well-known French statesman of Luxembourgish origin. He was a Christian Democrat, political thinker, and activist.

He was a founding member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, and NATO. Also, he was twice Prime Minister of France, a reformist Finance Minister, and a Foreign Minister. The academic year 1964-1965 at the College of Europe was named in his honor.

Louis Pilot

Louis Pilot is one of the most famous soccer Midfielders in Luxembourg. He is a former player of Luxembourgian football and also a manager.

He was selected as the Golden player, the greatest player of the last 50 years, by the Luxembourg Football Federation in celebration of the UEFA’s jubilee that came up in November 20003.

Discovering More Things Luxembourg Is Known For

Luxembourg is a small country full of surprises and has a wealth of things to discover. Luxembourg is known for its rich cultural heritage, delicious cuisine, and vibrant nightlife.

The country is home to various historic monuments, castles, museums, and breathtaking architecture and scenery that offer a glimpse into its past. It has a diverse range of traditional and world-class dining experiences, as well as a variety of bars, clubs, and pubs.

The nightlife in Luxembourg is another highlight, offering a wide range of options for a quiet night in or an all-night party.

Suppose you are interested in exploring its rich cultural heritage, sampling its delicious cuisine, or experiencing its vibrant nightlife. In that case, this great country has no shortage of things to do and see.



Book Your Flight

I usually use a combination of 2-3 of the following search engines to find cheap flights: Skyscanner, Momondo, Google Flights

Find Your Accommodation

Booking.com is my usual platform for finding accommodation options as they have one of the largest selections. Hostelworld is great for booking hostels. For more private or long term accommodation, Airbnb is my go-to platform.

Travel Insurance

Travel insurance is important for to protect yourself against unforeseen circumstances. I usually look at a few insurance companies depending on my travel needs.
  • SafetyWings for Travel Health Insurance
  • IMG Global for added Insurance when doing activities outside of usual coverage
Packing for your trip? Check out the packing list for ideas on what to bring

For more travel resources, check out my resources page for best platforms and companies to use when you travel.

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Welcome To NomadsUnveiled
This is Rax. For over a decade, I have traveled to over 60 countries - from a budget backpacker to a business traveler, expat and then a digital nomad. You can find insights and perspectives from myself and other world travelers that will inspire your journey of discovery.


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